Eye4Software Hydromagic

  Hydrographic Survey Software

Download free demo version

LAT (Lowest Astronomical Tide)

LAT is an internationally standardized reference size for measuring the depth of water and to define the coastal line in sea charts. LAT is short for Lowest Astronomical Tide and is a theoretical value that is calculated in each case by the measured tide levels for the future.

Bases are the tide levels for the last 18.6 years. The time interval of 18.6 years considers two oscillation periods substantial for fluctuation of tides: the nutation period of the Moon (18.6 years) in the ecliptic, and their effect, the lunar nodal tidal constituent, is the most important under the longer components of the tide. The values for LAT are computed mathematically by a harmonic analysis (using so called constituents).

LAT in Hydromagic

In Hydromagic, you can reduce your soundings to LAT by loading a tide file containing LAT tide values.
In feature versions, there will also be an option to calculate these values by entering tidal constituents for your area.

Loading a tide file is part of the process of creating filtered and corrected sounding files using the "Generate Sounding Wizard".
You can start this wizard by clicking the button. When correcting for LAT, make sure the software is in elevation mode rather then depth mode. You can toggle this mode by clicking the button. The button should be in the down state.

Importing LAT tide files from ASCII

LAT tide files can be imported from the "Tide File Editor", which is part of the "Generate Sounding Wizard",
the tool which is used to convert your raw sounding data into a filtered and corrected sounding file.

Tide editor in the sounding wizard
The tide editor as part of the sounding wizard

To open the tide editor, select the "Use tide correction file" option, and click the "Editor..." button
The tide editor is now started and should look like this:

Tide editor in Hydromagic Survey
The tide editor in Hydromagic Survey

If a file containing the tide values is in CSV (ASCII) or Microsoft Excel format you can import it into Hydromagic.
Please note that you have to use Microsoft Excel to convert XLS or XLSX files into CSV format first.

Other file formats are not supported. In these cases you have to enter all tide values for the period of your survey by hand.

To start importing CSV files, click the "Import CSV" button ( ).

CSV import tool

After the import tool has been started, select the file containing the tide observations or predictions first by clicking the "Browse..." button.
After the file has been selected, click the "View..." button to inspect the format of the file.

Next, select the field separator, which would be in most cases, a comma. The date for the data can be read from the file, or selected manually in cases where the date is not present in the file. Select the field number for the date and date format when the date is in the file.

Use the next section of the window to select the column used for the time as well as the time format. When the time format used in the file is not supported, please contact support.

Finally you have to select the field that contains the tide level. For files in the United States, you probably have to select the units to "Feet". For most other countries, leave this field to "Meters".

Import CSV tide files
The CSV import tool in the tide editor

CSV tide file examples

Below are examples of the two most used formats to store tidal data as CSV:

  11:10:00 AM,1.446
  11:20:00 AM,1.470
  11:30:00 AM,1.497
  11:40:00 AM,1.522
  11:50:00 AM,1.544

The file above shows a tide file containing time stamp and tide level. In this case you have to select the date manually. Set the time field number to "1" and the time format to "HH:MM:SS PM". For the tide level, set the field to "2".

  08/09/2015 00:00:00 1.239
  08/09/2015 00:10:00 1.209
  08/09/2015 00:20:00 1.178
  08/09/2015 00:30:00 1.133
  08/09/2015 00:40:00 1.085

The file above shows a tide file containing date, time stamp and tide level. In this case the field separator is a space. you have to set the date field to "1" and select "DD/MM/YYYY" as date format. Set the time field number to "2" and the time format to "HH:MM:SS". For the tide level, set the field number to "3".

Saving the results

When settings are set according to the organization of the file, click "OK" to accept the settings.
If everything goes well and the file can be read, a graph and the tide values will be displayed.

Now click the "Save" button, enter a name for the tide value and click "OK" twice to save the file and close the dialog.
You can now continue following the steps in the sounding wizard.

Checking the results

You can check whether the tide corrections have been applied correctly by having a look at the sounding data. To do so, right click the sounding in the "Project Explorer" and select the "Edit Sounding..." option. The following dialog should appear, which shows the tide values in one of the columns:

Hydromagic sounding editor with tide values
Sounding editor showing tide values